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Nazism in Europe & Jewish Response

Nazi Aggression

American Jews were horrified by news of Nazi persecution in Europe and responded with protest, support, and political action.

Image of Time magazine covers Kristallnacht Image of Jews Respond -- Smash the Swastika
Time magazine covers Kristallnacht
Courtesy Time; Courtesy Lois and Daniel Fermaglich
Jews Respond -- Smash the Swastika
Courtesy Walter P. Reuther Library, Wayne State University
Image of Protest in Detroit, 1938 Protest demonstrations were held outside German Consulate offices in major American cities, including Detroit in 1938.
Protest in Detroit, 1938
Courtesy Walter P. Reuther Library, Wayne State University
 
Image of Boycott Nazi Germany Image of Boycott Nazi Germany
Boycott Nazi Germany
Courtesy Walter P. Reuther Library, Wayne State University
Boycott Nazi Germany
Courtesy Walter P. Reuther Library, Wayne State University
Image of Anti-Nazi demonstration in Detroit Anti-Nazi demonstration in Detroit, March 19, 1938
Anti-Nazi demonstration in Detroit
Courtesy Walter P. Reuther LIbrary, Wayne State University
 
Image of Why the Jew Fights Fascism In their synagogues and organizations, Jews discussed the meaning of events in Europe.
Why the Jew Fights Fascism
Courtesy The Rabbi Leo M. Franklin Archives, Temple Beth El, Detroit
 
Image of The Jew and American Ideals Image of If Hitler Wins
The Jew and American Ideals
Courtesy The Rabbi Leo M. Franklin Archives, Temple Beth El, Detroit
If Hitler Wins
Courtesy The Rabbi Leo M. Franklin Archives, Temple Beth El, Detroit
Image of Headline -- War
March 1938 Nazi Anschluss in Austria
November 1938 Kristallnacht -- Night of Broken Glass
Spring 1939 Nazi invasion Czechoslovakia
September 1939 Nazi invasion of Poland -- the start of World War II
June 1940 Nazi ooccupation of Holland, Belgium, and France
June 1941 Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union
December 1941 Pearl Harbor
Headline -- War
Courtesy Kenneth Waltzer