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Refugee Crisis

Image of Whither s Nazi power expanded in Germany and then to Austria and Czechoslovakia, large numbers of people, especially Jews, fled their homelands. American immigration law, established in the 1920s, controlled the flow of people into the United States with quotas based on both the number of and national origin of immigrants. Immersed in the Depression, America further restricted immigration by weeding out those who might become public charges.
Courtesy Detroit Jewish Chronicle, November 25, 1938
A 1935 depiction of the growing Jewish tragedy in Europe. Off the map, Palestine had received 50,000 Jews during the prior two years; 23,000 of whom were German-Jews. Information from the United Jewish Appeal, New York. Image of Persecution of the Jews, 1935
  Persecution of the Jews, 1935
Image of Voyage of the St. Louis In May 1939 the St. Louis arrived in Havana, Cuba, with 937 passengers, most of them refugees. Both Cuba and America denied them haven, and the St. Louis eventually returned to Europe. Some passengers found safety; others did not.
Voyage of the St. Louis
Courtesy United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

The Wagner-Rogers bill proposed bringing more than 10,000 German Jewish children to the United States each year for two years: 1939 and 1940. Although large numbers of Americans testified on behalf of the bill and offered to take in children, the bill was not passed.

I feel that in this great country of ours there should be room enough to accomodate this small number of destitute, deserted and much-abused children . . . John Dingell, Michigan Congressman

Image of Admission of German Refugee Children
  Admission of German Refugee Children
Courtesy Michigan State University, Documents Library